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DE-SC0019443: Programmable Quantum Materials (Pro-QM)

Award Status: Active
  • Institution: The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York (Morningside Campus), New York, NY
  • UEI: F4N1QNPB95M4
  • DUNS: 049179401
  • Most Recent Award Date: 09/28/2022
  • Number of Support Periods: 5
  • PM: Sefat, Athena
  • Current Budget Period: 08/01/2022 - 07/31/2023
  • Current Project Period: 08/01/2022 - 07/31/2026
  • PI: Basov, Dmitri
  • Supplement Budget Period: N/A

Public Abstract

Title: Programmable Quantum Materials (Pro-QM)

Energy Research Frontiers Center (EFRC)

Pro-QM EFRC Director: D.N. Basov, Professor of Physics, Columbia University


Co-Investigators and participating organizations: Columbia University: A. Asenjo-Garcia, C.R. Dean, M. Delor, J. Hone, M. Lipson, J. McIver, A.J. Millis, X. Roy, A. Pasupathy, R. Quieroz, P.J. Shuck, X.Y. Zhu; Brookhaven National Laboratory: V. Bisogni, M. Liu; University of Washington: J.-H. Chu, D.H. Cobden, M. Yankowitz, A. Velian, D. Xiao, X. Xu. 


Quantum materials (QMs) combine electronic interactions, topology, and dimensionality to produce remarkable macroscopic observables. The Energy Frontiers Research Center on Programmable Quantum Materials (Pro-QM) aims to discover, characterize and deploy new forms of quantum matter controllable by light, gating, magnetic proximity, electromagnetic environment and nano-mechanical manipulation, effectively programming their quantum properties.  These objectives are fully aligned with the DOE mission. Programmable QMs are central to fulfilling the promise of quantum technology for disruptive advances in information processing, transfer, and sensing, because they enable currently unattainable properties and functions.

Pro-QM will focus van der Waals (vdW) layered solids revealing a vast portfolio of electronic, magnetic and photonic properties and enabling a new generation of heterostructures with an unprecedented degree of in operando controllability. 

The specific research thrusts of Pro-QM are: i) to create, image and utilize interacting topological states in quantum materials with emphasis on dynamic manipulation; ii) to engineer correlated phases in QMs with new forms of electronic/magnetic order and to create interacting light-matter interfaces hosting quantum effects down to the single-photon level.

Pro-QM will develop and implement strategies for transforming QMs into desired states with on demand quantum properties beyond the reach of common semiconductors or metals. Our ambitious but concrete goals rely on two cross-cutting themes: a) tailored materials, assemblies and architectures, and, b) the development of transformative quantum nano-imaging methods harnessing entangled photon pairs. 

Pro-QM commitment to diversity and mentoringOur ambitious program can only be accomplished by an outstanding team with complementary expertise. Guided by concrete and compelling scientific goals and technical approaches, this team will continue to act as cohesive squad in which all members have well defined roles. Crucial to this effort is identifying and nurturing scientific talent wherever it is found. Pro-QM is proud of the support it provided to new faculty members helping to launch their extremely successful research careers. The diversity of Pro-QM has markedly increased and the 2022-26 Pro-QM team comprises 24% female physicists, chemists and engineers with Lipson and Velian serving in leadership positions. One third of our co-PIs currently hold tenure track positions. Pro-QM will add seed projects in Y2-Y3, led by researchers who will further broaden the diversity and scientific strength of the team. 

The impact. The goals of Pro-QM EFRC are daring in their experimental and intellectual reach, and promise disruptive impact on the DOE Grand Challenges for fundamental energy research. A concerted EFRC effort is imperative for making the desired leaps. On-demand topological transitions and in operando controlled electronic, magnetic and photonic properties employing reconfigurable quantum interfaces will establish new classes of phenomena and possibilities. The on-demand strategy pursued by Pro-QM will bring about new functionalities based on new physical principles, an outcome withmajor and lasting societal impact.

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